Management of Competitive Athletes With Diabetes
In Brief An effective management plan for an athlete with type 1 diabetes must consider the energy demands of intense competition and training, the athlete's goals, factors related to competitive sports that may affect glucose homeostasis, and strategies that may be employed to allow safe, effective sports participation. Athletes should be appropriately screened, counseled to avoid risky behaviors, and provided with specific recommendations for glucose monitoring and insulin and diet adjustments so that they may anticipate and compensate for glucose responses during sports competition.
W. Guyton Hornsby, Jr., PhD, CDE, is an associate professor of exercise physiology and associate chair of the Division of Exercise Physiology, and Robert D. Chetlin, PhD, CSCS, is an assistant professor of occupational therapy in the Department of Human Performance and Applied Exercise Science at the School of Medicine of West Virginia University in Morgantown.
- American Diabetes Association