TABLE 3.

Baseline Characteristics of “Wisdom, Power, Control” Participants

Missing (n)Total (n [%])Treatment (n [%])Control (n [%])Pb
Age (years)a363.3 (10.3)63.4 (10.3)58.6 (10.7)0.07c
Sex20.93
 Male23 (20.5)20 (20.4)3 (21.4)
 Female89 (79.5)78 (79.6)11 (78.6)
Education50.007d
 <High school graduate10 (9.2)6 (6.3)4 (28.6)
 ≥High school graduate99 (90.8)89 (93.7)10 (71.4)
Income210.94
 <$20,00042 (45.2)36 (45.0)6 (46.2)
 ≥$20,00051 (54.8)44 (55.0)7 (53.9)
Health Insurance50.12
 No16 (14.7)12 (12.6)4 (28.6)
 Yes93 (85.3)83 (87.4)10 (71.4)
Worked for pay50.11
 No64 (58.7)59 (61.5)5 (38.5)
 Yes45 (41.3)37 (38.5)8 (61.5)
Years of diabetes170.23
 <112 (12.4)12 (14.0)0 (0.0)
 1 to <527 (27.8)25 (29.1)2 (18.2)
 ≥558 (59.8)49 (57.0)9 (81.8)
  • a Mean (SD).

  • b P for χ2 test unless otherwise noted.

  • c P for two-sample t test.

  • d P for Fisher’s exact test.