TABLE 1.

Sample Characteristics (n = 40 Participants) and Mann-Whitney U Tests for Photo Index Scores* (n = 202 Photos)

Challenge PhotosResilience Photos
Supplies Index ScoreFood Index ScoreBody Index ScoreCoping Index ScoreResistance Score
Sex
 Male (n = 20)1.3 ± 0.482.2 ± 1.301.2 ± 0.571.2 ± 0.971.8 ± 0.84
 Female (n = 20)1.3 ± 0.581.0 ± 0.501.0 ± 0.211.9 ± 0.621.9 ± 0.88
(P <0.005)(P <0.05)
Age
 Older (≥16 years) (n = 21)1.1 ± 0.361.8 ± 1.401.4 ± 0.511.8 ± 0.832.0 ± 0.94
 Younger (≤15 years) (n = 19)1.4 ± 0.611.5 ± 1.101.4 ± 0.421.6 ± 0.761.7 ± 0.71
A1C
 Optimal (<8%) (n = 17)1.3 ± 0.491.5 ± 0.551.1 ± 0.531.9 ± 1.11.7 ± 0.87
 Not optimal (≥8%) (n = 23)1.3 ± 0.561.5 ± 0.632.0 ± 0.141.5 ± 0.522.0 ± 0.86
Income
 <$40,000 (n = 13)1.2 ± 0.581.3 ± 0.421.1 ± 0.381.8 ± 0.711.6 ± 0.58
 ≥$40,000 (n = 26)1.3 ± 0.471.4 ± 0.131.3 ± 0.171.3 ± 0.532.1 ± 0.78
 ($40,000–80,000 [n = 14]; >$80,000 [n = 12])(P <0.05)
 Missing data (n = 1)
Parental education
 High school diploma or lower (n =15)1.3 ± 0.591.6 ± 0.771.7 ± 0.321.7 ± 0.721.6 ± 0.82
 AA degree or higher (n = 25)1.3 ± 0.491.9 ± 0.721.2 ± 0.651.6 ± 1.002.1 ± 0.87
(P <0.05)
Disease duration
 >6 years (n = 21)1.2 ± 0.411.6 ± 1.11.0 ± .721.6 ± .672.0 ± 1.00
 ≤6 years (n = 19)1.4 ± 0.651.7 ± 1.21.2 ± .441.8 ± 1.031.7 ± .90
Race/ethnicity**
 Black (n = 3)
 Hispanic (n = 3)
 White (n = 33)
 Arabic/Hispanic (n = 1)
  • * Photo index scores are presented in terms of the mean number of photos taken for each demographic variable’s categorical grouping.

  • ** Photo index scores are not presented for the race/ethnicity category because of a lack of diversity in our sample.