TABLE 1.

Baseline Characteristics by Recruitment Type

CharacteristicAll Participants (n)Targeted Recruitment (n)Non-Targeted Recruitment (n)P
Age (years; mean ± SD)62.8 ± 9.7 (88)63.9 ± 9.7 (70)58.4 ± 8.5 (18)0.03
Female (%)3 (88)4.3 (70)0 (18)
Race/ethnicity (%)
 Hispanic white2 (87)2.9 (69)0 (18)
 Black/African American15 (87)15.9 (69)11.1 (18)
 White81 (87)78.3 (69)88.9 (18)
 Other2 (87)2.9 (69)0 (18)
Education beyond high school (%)71.5 (88)69.9 (70)77.9 (18)
Employed (%)22.7 (88)24.3 (70)16.7 (18)
Current smoker (%)17.0 (88)17.1 (70)16.7 (18)
Heart disease (%)48.8 (86)48.5 (68)50 (18)
BMI (kg/m2; mean ± SD)35.0 ± 5.8 (86)34.4 ± 5.4 (67)37.1 ± 6.7 (19)0.08
Waist circumference (cm; mean ± SD)119.6 ± 15.2 (79)117.9 ± 13.7 (62)125.8 ± 18.7 (17)0.06
A1C (%; mean ± SD)7.8 ± 0.9 (84)7.9 ± 0.9 (65)7.5 ± 0.9 (19)0.10
Ever engaged in regular physical activity (%)78 (88)80.0 (70)72.2 (18)
Time since regular physical activity (months; mean ± SD)63.6 ± 94.8 (75)53.5 ± 95.2 (59)100.9 ± 86.2 (16)0.08