TABLE 2.

Dietary Sources of Prebiotics and Their Documented Health Outcomes

Dietary Sources of Prebiotics (25,26)
Prebiotics are found in:
• Breast milk
• Leeks
Asparagus
• Chicory
• Jerusalem artichokes
• Garlic
• Onions
• Whole-grain wheat
• Oats
• Soybeans
• Bananas
Evidence-Based Health Outcomes from Prebiotic Intake (25,30)
Prebiotic intake:
• Increases the abundance of beneficial microorganisms
• Suppresses the proliferation of pathogenic microorganisms
• Provides treatment for diarrhea
• Helps with inflammatory bowel disease
• Prevents colon cancer
• Improves the absorption of minerals, including calcium, magnesium, zinc, and possibly iron, thus improving bone mineral density (via enhancement of SCFA production)
• Reduces cardiovascular disease risk
• Promotes satiety and helps with weight loss
• Lowers colonic pH