TABLE 1.

Baseline Characteristics of the Study Population (n = 54,858)

Total (n [%])Type 2 Diabetes StatusP*
No(median [range])New(median [range])
Age (years)60.3 (45.1–101.4)62.5 (45.6–90.0)<0.0001
No (%)New (%)
Sex<0.0001
 Male24,980 (45.5)98.02.0
 Female29,878 (54.5)98.71.3
Country of birth (missing = 499)0.088
 English-speaking country49,349 (90.8)98.41.6
 Europe2,707 (5.0)98.02.0
 Asia1,243 (2.3)98.11.9
 Other783 (1.4)97.42.4
Highest education (missing = 696)<0.0001
 University/TAFE27,097 (50.0)98.71.3
 High school10,710 (19.8)98.11.9
 Less than 10 years of schooling16,355 (30.2)98.02.0
Family history of type 2 diabetes (missing = 5)<0.0001
 Yes11,040 (20.1)97.22.8
 No43,813 (79.9)98.71.3
IRSED (missing = 52)0.001
 Most disadvantaged group10,748 (19.6)98.11.9
 2nd disadvantaged group11,069 (20.2)98.31.7
 3rd disadvantaged group10,778 (19.7)98.31.7
 4th disadvantaged group10,845 (19.8)98.21.8
 Least disadvantaged group11,366 (20.7)98.91.1
Moderate/severe psychological distress (missing = 1,214)<0.0001
 Yes1,923 (3.6)97.12.9
 No51,721 (96.4)98.41.6
Physical functional limitation (missing = 4,709)<0.0001
 Severe13,707 (27.3)97.62.4
 Moderate9,802 (19.6)98.11.9
 Minor9,364 (18.7)98.71.3
 None17,276 (34.5)99.10.9
  • Incident or new cases (participants who did not report type 2 diabetes at baseline but did report type 2 diabetes at the follow-up survey).

  • * P values determined through χ2 tests except for age, for which a Kruskal-Wallis test was used.