TABLE 2.

Subgrouping and Comparison of Subjects According to Hypoglycemic Events

Group 1: Nonhypoglycemic (n = 8)Group 2: Hypoglycemic (n = 6)P
Age (years)32 ± 1423 ± 11.50.23
Sex (n [%])
 Male2 (25)2 (33.3)0.74
 Female6 (75)4 (66.7)
Weight (kg)69 ± 2066 ± 70.67
Diabetes duration (years)9.3 ± 4.37.5 ± 5.20.48
A1C before Ramadan (%)6 ± 1.17.6 ± 1.70.09
Successful fasting days (n)27.7 ± 2.323.8 ± 1.90.006
Serum fructosamine (μmol/L)
 Before Ramadan204 ± 39.34207.16 ± 73.80.7
 After Ramadan170.18 ± 34.8198 ± 670.36
Hypoglycemia events per month (n)
 Before Ramadan1.255.330.11
 During Ramadan0‡3.3‡0.001
Insulin TDD (units)
 Before Ramadan64 ± 1571 ± 220.49*
 After Ramadan63 ± 15**61 ± 16**0.8*
  • Using Mann-Whitney U test to compare hypoglycemic events before Ramadan between the two groups, there was a nonsignificant difference (P = 0.11), whereas during Ramadan, there was a highly significant difference (P = 0.001). The difference in A1C between groups was also nonsignificant.

  • ‡Using a Wilcoxon signed rank test to compare hypoglycemic events before and during Ramadan within group 1 (the nonhypoglycemic group), there was a nonsignificant difference (P = 0.2). There was also a nonsignificant difference (P= 0.11) when comparing hypoglycemic events within group 2 (the hypoglycemic group).

  • * Using unpaired t tests, no statistically significant between-group differences were found in TDD before (P =0.49) or at the end of Ramadan (P = 0.8).

  • ** Using paired t tests, there was a significant decline in TDD within group 2 (P = 0.045) and a nonsignificant decline within group 1 (P = 0.328) from before until the end of Ramadan.