TABLE 1.

Patients’ Demographic Characteristics and Comparison of Glycemic Parameters Before and After Ramadan Fasting (n =14)

Mean ± SDTP°
Age (years)28.2 ± 13.7
Weight (kg)68.2 ± 14.7
Diabetes duration (years)8.5 ± 4.6
A1C before Ramadan (%)6. 7 ± 1.6
Insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio (units:g)1:6
Successful fasting days (n)26.07 ± 2.8
Blood glucose (mg/dL)
 Before Ramadan123.84 ± 39.96*0.4810.629
 Week 1123.84 ± 23.94*
 Week 2117.9 ± 21.96*
 Week 3117.9 ± 22.86*
 Week 4114.84 ± 25.92*
 After Ramadan123.84 ± 25.92*
Serum fructosamine (μmol/L)
 Before Ramadan201 ± 592.60.02
 After Ramadan182 ± 55
Hypoglycemia events per month (n)
 Before Ramadan3 ± 1.04–5.78<0.001
 After Ramadan1.4 ± 0.5
Insulin TDD (units)
 Before Ramadan67 ± 180.910.54
 During Ramadan63 ± 15
 After Ramadan62 ± 15
  • ° P <0.05 significant, P <0.01 highly significant.

  • * Using repeated-measures ANOVA (Mauchly sphericity and Greenhouse-Geisser ε test) to compare SMBG measurements; F = 0.481 and corrected significance was 0.629 (nonsignificant).

  • Using paired t test to compare serum fructosamine before and after Ramadan; T = 2.6, P = 0.02 (significant).

  • Using Wilcoxon signed rank test to compare hypoglycemia before and during Ramadan; with Z = –5.78, P <0.001 (highly significant).

  • Using repeated-measures ANOVA (Mauchly sphericity and Greenhouse-Geisser ε test) to compare TDD; ε = 0.91, P = 0.54 (nonsignificant).