TABLE 3.

Descriptive Statistics of Diabetes Outcomes for Pre-Test, Post-Test, and Difference Between the Two Time Points (i.e., Post-Test Outcome Minus Pre-Test Outcome)

African Americans (n = 122)Hispanics/Latinos (n = 137)Full Sample (n = 259)P
Pre-test self-care24.4 (6.2); 25.0 (20.0–28.0)23.7 (7.2); 24.0 (18.5–29.0)23.8 (7.0); 24.5 (19.0–28.0)0.390
Post-test self-care28.9 (6.3); 29.0 (25.0–33.0)31.0 (7.0); 32.0 (26.0–36.0)30.0 (6.7); 31.0 (26.0–35.0)0.010
Difference self-care4.5 (7.0) 4.0 (1.0–9.0)7.4 (7.7); 7.0 (3.0–13.0)6.2 (7.6); 6.0 (2.0–11.0)<0.001
Pre-test self-efficacy2.8 (0.7); 2.9 (2.4–3.3)2.8 (0.7); 2.8 (2.3–3.4)2.8 (0.7); 2.9 (2.4–3.4)0.7 00
Post-test self-efficacy3.3 (0.6); 3.5 (3.0–3.8)3.5 (0.6); 3.8 (3.3–3.9)3.4 (0.6); 3.6 (3.1–3.9)<0.001
Difference self-efficacy0.5 (0.7) 0.4 (0.1–1.0)0.7 (0.8); 0.7 (0.3–1.3)0.6 (0.8); 0.5 (0.3–1.1)0.010
Pre-test knowledge7.2 (1.9); 8.0 (6.0–9.0)7.1 (2.2); 7.0 (5.0–9.0)7.1 (2.1); 8.0 (6.0–9.0)0.810
Post-test knowledge8.4 (1.5); 9.0 (8.0–9.0)8.8 (1.5); 9.0 (8.0–10.0)8.5 (1.5); 9.0 (8.0–10.0)<0.001
Difference knowledge1.1 (2.0); 1.0 (0.0–2.0)1.7 (2.2); 1.0 (0.0–3.0)1.4 (2.2); 1.0 (0.0–3.0)0.020
Pre-test psychological distress1.6 (0.7); 1.3 (1.0–1.8)1.9 (0.7); 1.8 (1.2–2.5)1.8 (0.7); 1.7 (1.0–2.2)<0.001
Post-test psychological distress1.5 (0.6); 1.3 (1.0–1.8)1.5 (0.6); 1.3 (1.0–1.8)1.5 (0.6); 1.3 (1.0–1.8)0.470
Difference psychological distress–0.1 (0.6); 0.0 (–0.5 to 0.1)–0.4 (0.7); –0.3 (–0.8 to 0.0)–0.3 (0.7); –0.2 (–0.7 to 0.0)<0.001
  • Data are reported as mean (SD); median (IQR).