TABLE 1

Baseline Demographics and Clinical Characteristics

Variablen = 1,582
Men932 (58.9)
Age, years56.8 ± 9.4
Age-group, years
 18–44152 (9.6)
 45–54438 (27.7)
 55–64703 (44.4)
 65–74243 (15.4)
 75–8443 (2.7)
 ≥853 (0.2)
U.S. region
 North Central469 (29.6)
 Northeast195 (12.3)
 South655 (41.4)
 West253 (16.1)
 Unknown/missing10 (0.6)
Insurance
 Commercial1,257 (79.5)
 Medicare325 (20.5)
Deyo-CCI3.10 ± 2.05
Medical diagnoses
 Bariatric surgery1 (0.1)
 Depression166 (10.5)
 Hypertension1076 (68)
 Hyperlipidemia950 (60.1)
 Hypoglycemia184 (11.6)
 Lower-limb amputation14 (0.9)
 Neuropathy568 (35.9)
 Obesity354 (22.4)*
 Nephropathy423 (26.7)
 Retinopathy353 (22.3)
 Cerebrovascular disease117 (7.4)
 CVD, acute myocardial infarction23 (1.5)
 CVD, angina66 (4.2)
 CVD, coronary393 (24.8)
 CVD, heart failure188 (11.9)
 CVD, peripheral vascular disease207 (13.1)
 CVD, other67 (4.2)
  • Data are n (%) or mean ± SD. *Obesity is likely underreported in an administrative claims database. CVD, cardiovascular disease.