TABLE 1

Patient Characteristics (N = 1,034)

Age, years51.6 ± 9.2
Male sex50.9
Baseline A1C
 ≥8.0 to <10.0% (n = 576, mean 8.8 ± 0.6%)55.7
 ≥10.0 to <12.0% (n = 277, mean 10.9 ± 0.6%)26.8
 ≥12.0% (n = 181, mean 13.1 ± 0.9%)17.5
Baseline treatment type
 Basal insulin (long-acting, NPH, or premixed)29.6
 Noninsulin70.4
Treatment regimens for noninsulin users
 No diabetes medications22.4
 1 diabetes medication22.4
 2 diabetes medications27.0
 ≥3 diabetes medications28.2
Comorbidities
 Lipid disorder82.2
 Hypertension77.3
 Obesity62.1
 Liver disease16.3
 Heart failure7.7
Ethnicity*
 Hispanic2.9
 Non-Hispanic68.4
 Other6.4
 Unavailable or declined to answer22.3
Race*
 African American22.1
 Asian1.0
 Caucasian59.0
 Hispanic/Latino0.8
 Multiracial0.8
 Other1.8
 Unavailable or declined to answer14.5
  • Data are percentages, except age, which is mean ± SD.

  • *Ethnicity and race were self-reported by patients.